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American Indian Studies

AIS_02

Iowa has a rich archaeological heritage with sites representing Paleo-Indian big-game hunters, early Woodland horticulturalists, and prehistoric Mound Builders, who built mound structures such as those that are preserved at Effigy Mounds National Monument in the northeastern corner of the state. Iowa is also the homeland of the Oneota, who lived in Iowa from the 12th through the 17th century. Currently, the Meskwaki (Sac and Fox of the Mississippi), the Omaha, and the Winnebago reside in Iowa or own economic developments in the state.